1861 – (Civil War) First Battle of Bull Run, Virginia

Bull Run was the first major engagement of the war. This embarrassing Union defeat convinced many observers that the conflict would be longer and more brutal than they had anticipated. The 2nd Wisconsin Infantry was the only Wisconsin regiment engaged at Bull Run. It made several unsuccessful assaults on the enemy position, losing 19 men with 114 wounded. Thirty-eight Wisconsin soldiers were taken prisoner and confined at Richmond. They were released early in 1862.