1862 – (Civil War) Cumberland Gap Campaign Begins in Virginia

The 1st Wisconsin Light Artillery took part in the Union campaign to seize Cumberland Gap. This strategic pass through the Appalachian Mountains from Virginia into Kentucky and Tennessee was a natural route for the South to invade the North and vice-versa. Confederate forces fortified it in 1861 and Union troops approached it in the spring of 1862. The Confederates abandoned it temporarily in June but took possession of it again in September 1862.