1916 – Herbert A. Simon Born

On this date Herbert A. Simon, well known and highly respected cognitive scientist, was born in Milwaukee. Simon earned his bachelor’s (1936) and doctor’s (1943) degrees in political science at the University of Chicago. He held research and faculty positions at the University of California (Berkeley) and the Illinois Institute of Technology before settling at Carnegie Mellon. In 1975, Simon earned the prestigious A.M. Turing Award for his work in computer science. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Economic in 1978 for his pioneering research into the decision-making process within economic organizations and, in 1986, the National Medal of Science. In 1993, he won the American Psychological Association Award for Outstanding Lifetime Contributions to Psychology. In 1994, he was one of only 14 foreign scientists ever to be inducted into the Chinese Academy of Sciences. His research ranged from computer science to psychology, administration and economics. The thread of continuity through all of his work was his interest in human decision-making and problem-solving processes and the implications of these processes for social institutions. Simon died at the age of 84 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. [Source: ]