1862 – (Civil War) Assault on Cumberland Gap, Tennessee

Union forces, including the 1st Wisconsin Light Artillery, assaulted the Cumberland Gap in Tennessee. This strategic pass through the Appalachian Mountains from Virginia into Kentucky and Tennessee was a natural route for the South to invade the North and vice-versa. Confederate forces fortified it in 1861 and Union troops approached it in the spring of 1862. The Confederates abandoned it temporarily in June but took possession of it again in September 1862.